Human Resources and Skills Development Canada
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Unit Group

5242 Interior Designers

Interior designers conceptualize and produce aesthetic, functional and safe designs for interior spaces in residential, commercial, cultural, institutional and industrial buildings. They are employed by architectural firms, interior design firms, retail establishments, construction companies, hospitals, airlines, hotel and restaurant chains, and other establishments or they may be self-employed.

Example Titles

  • aircraft interior designer
  • interior design technician
  • interior designer
  • kitchen designer
  • office space planner
  • project manager, interior design
  • retail space planner
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Main duties


Interior designers perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Consult with clients to determine needs, preferences, safety requirements and purpose of space
  • Develop detailed plans and 3-D models showing arrangement of walls, dividers, displays, lighting and other fixtures using computer-assisted design (CAD) software and graphics software
  • Develop plans, elevations, cross sections and detailed drawings, and advise on selection of colours, finishes and materials, floor and wall coverings, interior and exterior lighting, furniture and other items, taking into account ergonomic and occupational health standards
  • Estimate costs and materials required and may advise on leasing, real estate and marketing
  • Prepare plans and specifications for the final interior designs in accordance with current practices and codes
  • Work in a multidisciplinary environment
  • May direct site work crews and subcontractors.
Interior designers may specialize in designing interiors for residential, commercial, institutional, cultural and industrial buildings and for aircraft, ships or trains, trade shows and exhibitions.

Employment requirements

  • A university degree or college diploma in interior design is usually required.
  • Creative ability and artistic talent, as demonstrated by a portfolio of work is required.
  • Registration with the interior design association in the province of employment may be required.
  • The National Council for Interior Design Qualification (NCIDQ) examination may be required after six years of combined study and experience.
  • Certification is offered in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, certain cities in Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia.

Classified elsewhere

  • Graphic Designers and Illustrators (5241)
  • Industrial Designers (2252)
  • Interior decorators (in 6421 Retail Salespersons and Sales Clerks )
  • Lighting designers (in 5243 Theatre, Fashion, Exhibit and Other Creative Designers )
  • Theatre, Fashion, Exhibit and Other Creative Designers (5243)