Human Resources and Skills Development Canada
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Unit Group

6271 Hairstylists and Barbers

Hairstylists and barbers cut and style hair and perform related services. They are employed in hairstyling or hairdressing salons, barber shops, vocational schools, health care establishments and theatre, film and television establishments.

Example Titles

  • barber
  • barber apprentice
  • hair colour technician
  • hairdresser
  • hairdresser apprentice
  • hairstylist
  • hairstylist apprentice
  • wig stylist
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Main duties


Hairstylists perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Suggest hair style compatible with client's physical features or determine style from client's instructions and preferences
  • Cut, trim, taper, curl, wave, perm and style hair
  • Apply bleach, tints, dyes or rinses to colour, frost or streak hair
  • Analyze hair and scalp condition and provide basic treatment or advice on beauty care treatments for scalp and hair
  • Clean and style wigs and hair pieces
  • Apply hair extensions
  • May shampoo and rinse hair
  • May perform receptionist duties and order supplies
  • May judge in competitions
  • May train or supervise other hairstylists, hairstylist apprentices and helpers.

Barbers perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Cut and trim hair according to client's instructions or preferences
  • Shave and trim beards and moustaches
  • May shampoo hair and provide other hair treatment, such as waving, straightening and tinting and may also provide scalp conditioning massages
  • May book appointments and order supplies
  • May train and supervise other barbers and barber apprentices.

Employment requirements

Hairstylists
  • Some secondary school education is required.
  • Completion of a two- or three-year hairstyling apprenticeship program or completion of a college or other program in hairstyling combined with on-the-job training is usually required.
  • Several years of experience may replace formal education and training.
  • Employers may require applicants to provide a hairstyling demonstration before being hired.
  • There are various provincial/territorial certification and licensing requirements for hairstylists, ranging from trade certification to licensing by a provincial/territorial association. Interprovincial trade certification (Red Seal) is also available for qualified hairstylists.
Barbers
  • Some secondary school education is required.
  • Completion of a two-year apprenticeship or other barber program is usually required.
  • On-the-job training may be substituted for formal education.
  • There are various provincial/territorial certification and licensing requirements for barbers, ranging from trade certification to licensing by a provincial/territorial association.
  • Barbers can also obtain interprovincial trade certification (Red Seal) as qualified hairstylists.

Additional information

  • Red Seal trade certification allows for interprovincial mobility.

Classified elsewhere

  • Estheticians, Electrologists and Related Occupations (6482)
  • Hairdressing teachers (in 4131 College and Other Vocational Instructors )