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Unit Group

3232 Midwives and Practitioners of Natural Healing

Midwives are primary care providers who provide full-course care to women and their babies during pregnancy, labour, birth and the post-natal period. They are employed in hospitals, birthing centres and private practice. Practitioners of natural healing provide alternative forms of health care to patients. They are employed by clinics, health clubs, spas or health food stores, or they may work in private practice.

Example Titles

  • Chinese medical practitioner
  • acupuncturist
  • herbalist
  • herborist
  • homeopath
  • homeopathist
  • midwife
  • reflexologist
  • rolfer
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Main duties


The following is a summary of the main duties for some occupations in this unit group:
  • Midwives provide full-course care to women and their babies during pregnancy, labour, birth and the post-natal period including monitoring the health of mother and baby; managing labour and spontaneous normal deliveries; caring for, assessing and monitoring the healthy newborns; and providing advice and information regarding care for newborns and young infants;
  • Acupuncturists diagnose the diseases, physiological disorders and injuries of patients and treat them by the insertion of acupuncture needles or through the use of heat, pressure, electric current or rays of light.
  • Chinese medical practitioners diagnose the diseases, physiological disorders and injuries of patients and treat them using raw herbs and other medicines, dietary supplements or acupuncture.
  • Herbalists advise patients on the use of herbs for the treatment of conditions such as arthritis, rheumatism, asthma, skin disorders and stomach ailments and may sell these herbs.
  • Homeopaths diagnose illnesses and treat them by administering, in chemical or herbal form, a small dosage of the illness itself or by suggesting lifestyle changes.
  • Reflexologists apply gentle finger pressure to specific spots on the clients' hands or feet to promote relaxation and better health and well-being.
  • Rolfers systematically manipulate various parts of the body such as the legs and shoulders in order to realign the structure of the body and reduce chronic pain and stress.

Employment requirements

  • Midwives require appropriate training which may be acquired through an undergraduate university degree program in midwifery or its equivalent and a period of supervised practical training.
  • Registration with a regulatory body is required for midwives in Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Alberta, British Columbia, and the Northwest Territories.
  • Acupuncturists require completion of a training program in acupuncture and may require some university undergraduate studies in science, training in a related health care discipline or work experience under the supervision of a registered acupuncturist.
  • Registration with a regulatory body is required for acupuncturists in Quebec, Alberta and British Columbia.
  • Chinese medical practitioners usually require completion of a program in traditional Chinese medicine which is available from certain medical schools abroad
    or
    Some post-secondary education and a diploma in traditional Chinese medicine from a private institute.
  • All other occupations in this unit group usually require completion of courses or training programs specific to their occupations and some supervised practical training.

Additional information

  • Chinese medical practitioners may practise as acupuncturists.

Classified elsewhere

  • Massage therapists (in 3235 Other Technical Occupations in Therapy and Assessment )
  • Naturopathic and osteopathic physicians (in 3123 Other Professional Occupations in Health Diagnosing and Treating )