Human Resources and Skills Development Canada
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Unit Group

3141 Audiologists and Speech-Language Pathologists

Audiologists and speech-language pathologists diagnose, evaluate and treat human communication disorders including hearing, speech, language and voice disorders. Audiologists and speech-language pathologists are employed in hospitals, community and public health centres, extended care facilities, day clinics, rehabilitation centres and educational institutions, or may work in private practice.

Example Titles

  • audiologist
  • certified audiologist
  • clinical audiologist
  • educational audiologist
  • research audiologist
  • speech therapist
  • speech-language clinician
  • speech-language pathologist
View all titles

Main duties


Audiologists perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Administer audiometric tests and examinations to diagnose and evaluate the degree and type of patients' hearing impairment
  • Plan and implement habilitation/rehabilitation programs for patients, including selection, fitting and adjustment of hearing aid devices, teaching speech (lip) reading and providing counselling
  • Establish personalized care plans working as a member of an interdisciplinary team
  • Conduct research related to hearing
  • May instruct students and other health care personnel.

Speech-language pathologists perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Administer tests and examinations and observe patients to diagnose and evaluate speech, voice, resonance, language, cognitive-linguistic and swallowing disorders
  • Plan and implement remedial programs to correct speech, language and voice disorders
  • Establish group and personalized care plans working as a member of an interdisciplinary team
  • Conduct research on speech and other communication disorders and on the development and design of diagnostic procedures and devices
  • May instruct students and other health care personnel.

Employment requirements

  • Audiologists require a master's degree in audiology.
  • Speech-language pathologists require a master's degree in speech-language pathology.
  • Registration with a regulatory body is required for audiologists and speech-language pathologists in New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Saskatchewan.
  • Membership in the national association, Canadian Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists, may be required.
  • In some jurisdictions, audiologists may be required to obtain a separate licence to dispense hearing aids.

Additional information

  • Progression into management positions, such as chief audiologist or director of speech-language pathology, is possible with experience.

Classified elsewhere

  • Audiology and speech-language technical and assisting occupations (in 3235 Other Technical Occupations in Therapy and Assessment )
  • Managers in Health Care (0311)
  • Phoniatricians (in 3111 Specialist Physicians )